2020年广东成考高起点《英语》语法误用:虚拟语气

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虚拟语气例题

  例题1 中文:我要是你,我不会那么做。
  误:I shouldn"t do that if I was you.
  正:I shouldn"t do that if I were you.(表示与现在事实相反的虚拟语气不能用was,只能用were.)

  例题2 中文:要是我父亲现在在这里,他会告诉我该做什么。
  误:If my father were here now,he will tell me what to do.
  正:If my father were here now,he would tell me what to do.(表示与现在事实相反的虚拟语气中,主句的助动词只能用would,might等过去时。)[环球网校成人高考频道整理虚拟语气误用]

  例题3 中文:要是我知道她的电话号码,我就会给她打电话了。
  误:If I knew her telephone number,I would have called her.
  正:If I had known her telephone number,I would have called her.(表示与过去事实相反的虚拟语气中,条件从句的动词要用过去完成时。)

  例题4 中文:要是昨天没下雨她也许会来。
  误:If it had not rained yesterday,he might come.
  正:If it had not rained yesterday,he might have come.(表示与过去事实相反的虚拟语气中,主句的动词要用助动词的过去时might,could等+HAVE+过去分词。)

  例题5 中文:我不认为我会失败,但要是我失败了,我会再努力。
  误:I don"t think that I shall fail. But if I failed,I would try again.
  正:I don"t think that I shall fail. But if I should fail,I would try again.(表示与将来事实相反的虚拟语气中,条件从句的动词用should加原形动词。)

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